In each state, the waste collection and disposal program is established and implemented individually at the discretion of the municipality. An orientation towards separate garbage collection acts as a common basis. Already when moving to a new home, each American from the municipality is provided with three trash cans with the city logo free of charge:
- the first is intended for bottles, cans, plastic and metal products;
- the second trash can is used to collect printed materials and products from cardboard and paper;
- the third container is used to send the rest of the food and household waste that cannot be sorted.
Additionally, special recycling containers are installed on each street, where waste is collected, which can be reused after recycling.
Most often, local authorities inform citizens in advance about the days of removal and ask them to take the waste for disposal or recycling at designated collection points near the roadway. Separate waste collection also affects the design of garbage trucks that operate in the United States: there are two-compartment machines designed for separate removal of paper and plastic, and standard ones with a common body for collecting other household waste. Moreover, if employees do not like the contents of the tank, then they may not pick it up or issue a fine. This encourages Americans to be more conscious about sorting waste.