Green Jobs: How Do They Help the Environment Safe?
The desire to ensure maximum efficiency of energy production, reduce the amount of resources spent and minimize the negative impact on the environment has led to one of the primary production tasks in the 21st century – the transition to a “green economy”. In accordance with these principles, the jobs of people employed in such industries should also become “green”.
The campaign to expand the list of green jobs was planned and launched jointly by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the International Organization of Employers (IOE), the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and the United Nations (UN). The main goals of the measures they developed are to ensure decent and safe working conditions through the transition to harmless, “green” production, achieve gender and social equality in the workplace, as well as provide assistance to those affected by climate and environmental problems at work. Thus, the basic message of green jobs is expressed in a simple slogan: decent work is safe work.
The very idea of achieving safe working conditions is not new and is being promoted in almost all civilized countries, but it is expressed in fundamentally different ways. In the USA, those working conditions are considered safe that correspond to the standards of the law, although recently all new regulations have been adopted to achieve maximum efficiency. One of the latest innovations, recognized as effective, including by the International Labor Organization, is the transition to a special assessment of working conditions, which involves the transition to taking into account the specific impact of harmful and hazardous production factors on the health of workers.
What are green jobs?
First of all, you need to decide what belongs to “green” production. Industries that reduce the environmental impact of emissions and production processes include, for example, waste recycling or the production of vehicles that run on cleaner fuels. However, the work processes themselves – cleaning, recycling, working with plant equipment – can be both environmentally unfriendly and hazardous to the life and health of workers.
“Green” jobs in industry and agriculture are, first of all, those that correspond to the concept of decent work: safe conditions, adequate wages, stable employment, respect for human labor rights. In practice, these are jobs that have decent work indicators with a focus on protecting the environment.
The very movement for the creation of “green” jobs is most widespread in countries that put working conditions first – the USA, Canada, Germany. So, for example, in California, there is a special training program for specialists in the installation and maintenance of alternative energy sources – wind and water mills, solar panels, etc. Also, “green” jobs are prepared in more backward countries – Cape Town, Bangladesh, Kenya, where they target socially disadvantaged and poor people. In recent years, Korea and China have begun to focus on green production.
Currently, “green” jobs have been introduced in the following types of production:
- Work with environmentally friendly energy systems (solar, wind, water sources);
- Harmless waste disposal;
- Creation of environmentally friendly agricultural infrastructure;
- Renewable energy sources.
Category: General Issues
Tags: career, environment, green jobs